AJung Moon, Ergun Calisgan, Fiorella Operto, Gianmarco Veruggio, and H.F. Machiel Van der Loos on “Open Roboethics: Establishing an Online Community for Accelerated Policy and Design Change”

AJung Moon

Rapid development and deployment of robots in military and civilian settings is prompting policy and ethical discussions as a result of the inadequacies of current laws.  For example, Paro, a therapy robot used in nursing homes, is classified as a Class 2 Medical Device (C2MD) in the United States.  This is a problem because C2MDs include unsophisticated devices, such as powered wheelchairs, and the interactive nature of Paro-like robots makes them significantly different from other C2MDs. 

Ergun Calisgan

The authors provide an overview of Roboethics Organizations and Roboethics Initiatives (RIs).  They then analyze the applicability of bottom-up policymaking approaches used in non-robotic spheres and the limitations of national and disciplinary boundaries on global RIs.  As proponents of open-source paradigms, the authors propose an online Roboethics knowledgebase, called Open Roboethics, with an open discussion and code design space.  This centralized online space will provide policymakers and robot designers with an efficient and transparent means to communicate societal values.

Gianmarco Veruggio

AJung Moon, Ergun Calisgan, Fiorella Operto, Gianmarco Veruggio, and H.F. Machiel Van der Loos will present Open Roboethics: Establishing an Online Community for Accelerated Policy and Design Change on Sunday, April 22nd at 1:45pm at We Robot 2012 at the University of Miami School of Law in Coral Gables, Florida.  AJung Moon is a Ph.D. student in Mechanical Engineering at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.  Her M.A.Sc. thesis work was on making robots hesitate as a means to communicatively resolve human-robot resource conflicts. 

Fiorella Operto

Ergun Calisgan is a M.A.Sc. Mechanical Engineering candidate at the University of British Columbia and writing his thesis on “Observing Nonverbal Human Behavior Cues for Automated Turn-Taking During Human-Robot Collaboration.”  Fiorella Operto has a M.A. in Philosophy of Science at the Universitá di Milano in Italy.  She is a contributor to the scientific book series I Dialoghi and in 2000 co-founded the School of Robotics in Italy, of which she remains President.  Gianmarco Veruggio has a Masters degree in Electronic Engineering from

H.F. Machiel Van der Loos

Genoa University in Italy.  He is an expert in robotics for extreme environments and is Director of Research at CNR-IEIIT in Genoa. He co-founded the School of Robotics and in 2002 coined the term and proposed the concept of Roboethics.  H.F. Machiel Van der Loos is an Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of British Columbia and the Associate Director of the CARIS lab in Vancouver, Canada.  He has a Ph.D. in interactive robotics from Stanford University in Stanford, California.  Professor Van der Loos has co-authored three books, authored 27 journal papers, and has a patent on a sleep quality improvement technology called SleepSmart.

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